The Halal food Authority rules for halal are based on Islamic Shari’ah.
The antonym to halal is haram, which means unlawful or forbidden.
Rennet and Pepsin, for example, are often sourced from the stomach lining of mammals (including swine).
There are non-animal sources of rennet, and there may be some dispute as to the permissibility of non-porcine (e.g.
Many yogurts (greek-style yogurts in particular) do not, and gelatin be halal if it's properly sourced, but given that most gelatin on marketed goods is just labelled "gelatin" there's no way to distinguish that which is derived from pork from that which is halal.
However, many dairy products use haram (or at least questionable) ingredients in their manufacture. The typical cheese-making process requires an enzyme to curdle the milk, and this enzyme is often of animal origin.
However, the certificates granted by the religious authorities of the exporting country should be accepted in principle by the importing country, except when the latter provides justification for other specific requirements.
1 SCOPE1.1 These guidelines recommend measures to be taken on the use of Halal claims in food labelling.1.2 These guidelines apply to the use of the term halal and equivalent terms in claims as defined in the General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged Foods and include its use in trade marks, brand names and business names.1.3 These guidelines are intended to supplement the Codex General Guidelines on Claims and do not supersede any prohibition contained therein.2 DEFINITION2.1 Halal Food means food permitted under the Islamic Law and should fulfil the following conditions:2.1.1 does not consist of or contain anything which is considered to be unlawful according to Islamic Law;2.1.2 has not been prepared, processed, transported or stored using any appliance or facility that was not free from anything unlawful according to Islamic Law; and2.1.3 has not in the course of preparation, processing, transportation or storage been in direct contact with any food that fails to satisfy 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 above.2.2 Notwithstanding Section 2.1 above:2.2.1 halal food can be prepared, processed or stored in different sections or lines within the same premises where non-halal foods are produced, provided that necessary measures are taken to prevent any contact between halal and non-halal foods;2.2.2 halal food can be prepared, processed, transported or stored using facilities which have been previously used for non-halal foods provided that proper cleaning procedures, according to Islamic requirements, have been observed.3 CRITERIA FOR USE OF THE TERM HALAL3.1 LAWFUL FOODThe term halal may be used for foods which are considered lawful.
It is well known in the meat trade that Muslims consume halal meat.
However, at times questions are asked, what is halal? Opposite to it is haram, which means forbidden or not allowed.